Wednesday, April 6, 2011

Create Custom Control for Zooming And Panning in Silverlight

About This Article

This article provides the ability to interactively view high resolution images. You can zoom in and zoom out images. This Silverlight custom control enables deep zooming using Storyboard animation and smooth panning by handling the MouseLeftButtonDown, MouseLeftButtonUp, and MouseMove events. The following features are included:
  • Deep zooming
  • Panning an image
  • Small window with thumb to view the exact location of the zoomed image


Deep zooming is a pretty straightforward functionality and is done with the ScaleTransform property. Panning is done by setting the offset X and Y of the content. Silverlight 3 has a MultiscaleImage control for zooming multi-resolution images. It has a Source property to set multiple images.

In this article, I have created a custom zoom control for zooming and panning single images with animation for smooth panning.

Go Through Code

  1. Creating a custom zoom and pan control using Silverlight 4 Class Library
  2. First, create a class for zoom and pan which inherits from ContentControl and implements the IScrollInfo interface to move the thumb image within the area. This class contains Rectangle properties and animation methods for setting the content offset in X,Y coordinates with point zooming. It overrides the Size method to change the image size and scale of images. It has a Generic Style for setting the Template for the control with properties. This style is imported to the class.

  3. Using the control in a Silverlight application
    • Create a Silverlight application to use the zoom and pan custom Silverlight control.
    • In the Silverlight application, create an enum to handle the mouse modes.

      public enum MouseHandlingMode

      Create a class having Dependency Properties for setting the scale, width, height, offset etc., and implement the InotifyPropertyChanged interface to change the property value.

    • Declare all the Dependecy properties and the collection for the example.
    • public class DataModel : INotifyPropertyChanged
      private ObservableCollection rectangles =
            new ObservableCollection();
      private double contentScale = 1;
      public static DataModel Instance
        get{return instance; }
      public ObservableCollection Rectangles
        get{return rectangles; }
      public double ContentScale
        get{return contentScale; }
            contentScale = value;
      . . . . .

      Create a Converter class to convert the scale value to percent for the Slider control:

      public class ScaleToPercentConverter : IValueConverter
      public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter,
                          CultureInfo culture)
        return (double)(int)((double)value * 100.0);
      public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter,
                              CultureInfo culture)
        return (double)value / 100.0;

      Create a class for drawing the rectangle.

    • Now create the UserControl (HAEZoomingControl.xaml) to use the custom Silverlight control in the page.
      • Add the custom ZoomingAndPanning control to the page.
      • <ZoomAndPan:ZoomAndPanControl Grid.Row="0"
        ContentScale= "{Binding Source={StaticResource
                   TypeProvider}, Path=Instance.ContentScale, Mode=TwoWay}"
        ContentOffsetX= "{Binding Source={StaticResource
                   TypeProvider}, Path=Instance.ContentOffsetX, Mode=TwoWay}"
        ContentOffsetY= "{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                   Path=Instance.ContentOffsetY, Mode=TwoWay}"
        ContentViewportWidth="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                   Path=Instance.ContentViewportWidth, Mode=TwoWay}"
        ContentViewportHeight= "{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                   Path=Instance.ContentViewportHeight, Mode=TwoWay}"
        Background="{StaticResource pageBackground}"
      • Add ZoomIn, ZoomOut buttons and a Silder:
      • <Button x:Name="btnZoomOut"
         <Slider Grid.Column="10"
            Minimum="{Binding MinPercentage}"
            Maximum="{Binding MaxPercentage}"
            Value= "{Binding ElementName=zoomAndPanControl,
                    Path=ContentScale, Converter={StaticResource
                    scaleToPercentConverter},Mode=TwoWay}" />
         <Button x:Name="btnZoomIn"
      • Add a popup the contains a small image in a grid and a thumb (rectangle) to view the zooming image position.
      • <Popup x:Name="MyPOP"
        <StackPanel Width="200" Height="200">
        <ZoomAndPan:ZoomAndPanControl x:Name="overview"
          Width="200" Height="200"
          Background="{StaticResource popupBackground}"
        <Grid Width="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
         Height="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
        <Image x:Name="content2" Source="{Binding ImgSource}"
          VerticalAlignment="Center" HorizontalAlignment="Center"></Image>
        <Thumb x:Name="overviewZoomRectThumb"
          Canvas.Left="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                       Path=Instance.ContentOffsetX, Mode=TwoWay}"
          Canvas.Top="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                      Path=Instance.ContentOffsetY, Mode=TwoWay}"
          Width="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                 Path=Instance.ContentViewportWidth, Mode=TwoWay}"
          Height="{Binding Source={StaticResource TypeProvider},
                  Path=Instance.ContentViewportHeight, Mode=TwoWay}"
        <ControlTemplate TargetType="Thumb">
        <Border BorderBrush="Black"
        BorderThickness="3" Background="Yellow"
        CornerRadius="3" />
    • In the code-behind (HAEZoomingControl.xaml.cs), write events for MouseMove, LeftButtonDown, LeftButtonUp, and DoubleClcik. The MouseDoubleClick event is not available in Silverlight so you can use MouseLeftButtonDown instead to count clicks.
    • For example:

      • Declare a timer variable to detect double click:
      • DispatcherTimer _timer;
      • Declare an interval variable:
      • private static int INTERVAL = 200;
      • In the default constructor, create an instance of the timer.
      • Collapse
        public HAEZoomingControl()
        _timer = new DispatcherTimer();
        zoomAndPanControl.ContentOffsetY = 200;
        _timer.Interval = new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0, 0, INTERVAL);
        _timer.Tick += new EventHandler(_timer_Tick);
      • Add an event to stop the timer:
      • void _timer_Tick(object sender, EventArgs e)
      • In the MouseLeftButtonDown event of the control use, times to check for double click.
      • Collapse
        private void zoomAndPanControl_MouseLeftButtonDown(
          object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        if (zoomAndPanControl.ContentScale <= (MaxPercentage / 100))
          btnZoomIn.IsEnabled = true;
        if (zoomAndPanControl.ContentScale >= (MinPercentage / 100))
          btnZoomOut.IsEnabled = true;
        if (_timer.IsEnabled)
          if (zoomAndPanControl.ContentScale <= (MaxPercentage / 100))
              sb = new Storyboard();
              DoubleAnimation db = new DoubleAnimation();
              sb.Completed += new EventHandler(sb_Completed);
              db.To = zoomAndPanControl.ContentScale + 0.2;
              db.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.3));
              Storyboard.SetTarget(db, zoomAndPanControl);
                         new PropertyPath("ContentScale"));
              btnZoomIn.IsEnabled = false;
          if (zoomAndPanControl.ContentScale >= (MinPercentage / 100))
              origZoomAndPanControlMouseDownPoint =
              origContentMouseDownPoint = e.GetPosition(content);
              mouseHandlingMode = MouseHandlingMode.Panning;
              if (mouseHandlingMode != MouseHandlingMode.None)
                  e.Handled = true;
      • Write code for the other events and run the application.


In the image below, you can see a zoomed image and a small image on the bottom-right side of the canvas to see the offset position of the zoomed image using the yellow thumb marker.

Download Source Code : Silverlight Zoom And Pan - 1.74 MB


  1. I have gone through your code and article at codeproject, very nice work.

    The problem what I have seen is that if I change the Image source(change the Image), then everytime I have to change the MinPercentage and MaxPercentage values in the HAEZoomingControl xaml.

    If I do not change the MinPercentage and MaxPercentage values as per the new images shown, then the zoom in and zoom out with the overview box is a total mess/failure. My question is that is there any way to compute these MinPercentage and MaxPercentage values everytime I add display a new Image.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. to fix this issue you have to put ZoomAndPan:ZoomAndPanControl into ViewBox of HAEZoomingControl.xaml page.

    please set ViewBox width fix.